Nationality:
noun: Solomon Islander(s)
adjective: Solomon Islander
Ethnic groups:
Melanesian 95.3%, Polynesian 3.1%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 0.3% (2009 est.)
Languages:
Melanesian pidgin (in much of the country is lingua franca), English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population), 120 indigenous languages
Religions:
Protestant 73.4% (Church of Melanesia 31.9%, South Sea Evangelical 17.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 11.7%, United Church 10.1%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, other Christian 2.9%, other 4%, none 0.03%, unspecified 0.1% (2009 est.)
Population:
609,883 (July 2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 169

Age structure:
0-14 years: 36.2% (male 113,744/female 107,193)
15-24 years: 20% (male 62,656/female 59,280)
25-54 years: 35.4% (male 109,891/female 105,760)
55-64 years: 4.4% (male 13,197/female 13,359)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 11,952/female 12,851) (2014 est.)
population pyramid:
Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 76.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 70.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6 %
potential support ratio: 16.8 (2014 est.)
Median age:
total: 21.6 years
male: 21.4 years
female: 21.8 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate:
2.07% (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 48

Birth rate:
26.33 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 48

Death rate:
3.86 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 210

Net migration rate:
-1.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 162

Urbanization:
urban population: 20.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.65% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas – population:
HONIARA (capital) 68,000 (2011)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother’s mean age at first birth:
21.6
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2006-07 est.)
Maternal mortality rate:
93 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

country comparison to the world: 77

Infant mortality rate:
total: 16.17 deaths/1,000 live births

country comparison to the world: 102

male: 18.43 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 74.89 years

country comparison to the world: 105

male: 72.27 years
female: 77.64 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate:
3.36 children born/woman (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 47

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
34.6% (2006/07)
Health expenditures:
8.8% of GDP (2011)

country comparison to the world: 49

Physicians density:
0.22 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density:
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 93.2% of population
rural: 77.2% of population
total: 80.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.8% of population
rural: 22.8% of population
total: 19.5% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 81.4% of population
rural: 15% of population
total: 28.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 18.6% of population
rural: 85% of population
total: 71.2% of population (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:
NA
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
HIV/AIDS – deaths:
NA
Obesity – adult prevalence rate:
30% (2008)

country comparison to the world: 27

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
11.5% (2007)

country comparison to the world: 64

Education expenditures:
7.3% of GDP (2010)

country comparison to the world: 18

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.1%
male: 88.9%
female: 79.2%
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2007)